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Iris Nebula NGC 7023 / C4

2020-09-23T20:59:10+00:0023 September 2020|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

Bringing out the all the dusty, dark material leaves me with a horrible background.

Object IDIris Nebula
NGC 7023 / C4
Details2020-09-19
Mag. 6.8
Telescope250mm f4.8 Newtonian, MPCC
CameraQHY168C @15°C
Exposure(s)28x180s 10/50
darks, flats, bias
CaptureAPT
ProcessingAPP, Photoshop

The Iris Nebula is a bright reflection nebula in the constellation Cepheus. The designation NGC 7023 refers to the open cluster within the larger reflection nebula designated LBN 487. The nebula, which shines at magnitude +6.8, is illuminated by a magnitude +7.4 star designated SAO 19158.
Wikipedia

NGC188 (C1)

2020-04-07T21:23:16+00:007 April 2020|Caldwell, News, NGC Winter, Open Cluster|

Never noticed this one before. Very close to the pole so easy guiding as nothing moves very much round there.

Object IDNGC188, Caldwell 1
Open Cluster, Cepheus
Mag. 10
Size 11′
Details2020-04-06 22:42 UT
Telescope250mm f4.8 OO Newtonian
CameraATIK 460EX @-15C
Exposure(s)3x180s 1×1 TR, 2x180s 1×1 TG, TB
Darks, flats, bias
CaptureAPT
ProcessingAPP, Photoshop

Cygnus Wall NGC 700 (Caldwell 20)

2019-09-21T16:27:20+00:0021 September 2019|Caldwell, Narrowband, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

Part of the North America nebula – the Central America part – seems to be known as the Cygnus Wall. Can only fit a small part of this object in my FOV.

Object IDNGC 7000, C20
DetailsMag. 4
Size: 120′ x 100′
Telescope250mm f4.8 Newtonian
CameraAtik 460EX, Baader filters
-15C
Exposure(s)10x300s ea in Ha and OIII
CaptureAPT
ProcessingAPP, Photoshop
Mapped HOO and moved to the blue end

Cave Nebula Sh2-155 / Caldwell 9

2019-09-21T16:29:23+00:009 September 2019|Caldwell, Narrowband, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

Sh2-155 is a diffuse nebula in the constellation Cepheus, within a larger nebula complex containing emission, reflection, and dark nebulosity. It is widely known as the Cave Nebula. Sh2 designation because it’s part of the Sharpless Catalog (1959) of 312 HII regions. About 2400 light years from Earth and a stellar nursery.

Narrowband filters really do cut through the murky, light polluted skies of Edinburgh so well. Obviously false colour, has to be for narrowband, but can’t decide which is the best so two different tone mappings: SII Ha OIII -> RGB and Ha OIII SII

Object IDCave Nebula
Sh2-155 / C9
DetailsCepheus
Mag. 7.7, 50′ x 30′
Telescope250mm f4.8 Newtonian
CameraAtik 460EX
Exposure(s)10 x 180s each Ha OIII SII 2×2
CaptureAPT
ProcessingDSS, Nebulosity, Photoshop

Iris Nebula NGC 7023 / Caldwell 4

2019-08-29T12:59:19+00:0029 August 2019|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

Been meaning to do this one for ages. Not easy because the background gas and dust can be easily lost in the light pollution and noise.

“The Iris Nebula, also known as NGC 7023 and Caldwell 4, is a bright reflection nebula and Caldwell object in the constellation Cepheus. NGC 7023 is actually the cluster within the nebula, LBN 487, and the nebula is lit by a magnitude +6.8 star, SAO 19158.”
Wikipedia

Object IDIris Nebula
NGC 7023 / C4
DetailsCepheus
Mag. 6.8, 18′ x 18′
Telescope250mm f4.8 Newtonian
CameraAtik 460EX
Exposure(s)10 x 180s each RGB 1×1
CaptureAPT
ProcessingNebulosity, Photoshop

Cocoon nebula IC5146 / Caldwell 19 RGB

2019-08-29T12:55:55+00:0028 August 2019|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

“IC 5146 (also Caldwell 19, Sh 2-125, and the Cocoon Nebula) is a reflection/emission nebula and Caldwell object in the constellation Cygnus. The NGC description refers to IC 5146 as a cluster of 9.5 mag stars involved in a bright and dark nebula.”
Wikipedia

Object IDCocoon Nebula
IC 5146 / C19
DetailsCygnus
Mag. 7.2, 12′
Telescope250mm f4.8 Newtonian
CameraAtik 460EX
Exposure(s)9 or 10 x 180s each RGB 1×1
CaptureAPT
ProcessingNebulosity, Photoshop

NGC 6888 / Caldwell 27 Crescent Nebula SHO

2019-09-21T16:29:35+00:0028 August 2019|Caldwell, Narrowband, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

A new one for me

Object IDNGC 6888
Crescent Nebula
DetailsCygnus
Mag. 7.4, 18′ x 12′
Telescope250mm f4.8 Newtonian
CameraAtik 460EX
Exposure(s)7 x 300s each Ha, OIII, SII
CaptureAPT
ProcessingDSS, Nebulosity, Photoshop
Mapped SII, Ha, OIII -> RGB

Cygnus Wall – red channel only

2019-08-29T12:07:54+00:0023 July 2019|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

After gathering HOYS-CAPS data thought I’d give this a quick go in red channel only.

Object IDCygnus Wall
Details“Mexico and Central American” part of North America Nebula
Telescope250mm f4.8 Newtonian
CameraAtik 460EX
IDAS P2 LP filter
8x180s 2×2, darks, bias, flats
-11C
CaptureAPT
ProcessingNebulosity, Photoshop

NGC4565 / Caldwell 38 Spindle Galaxy

2019-04-01T16:19:57+00:001 April 2019|Caldwell, Galaxy, News|

Processed 3 different ways – give different results, not sure which I like best. Still too noisy – need many more exposures.
Interesting edge-on spiral galaxy in Coma Berenices, surprisingly large (14.9′ x 2′) but faint (9.60 but surface brightness 13.3). It is actually intrinsically more luminous than the Andromeda Galaxy. First seen by William Herschel in 1785. Also visible lower right is NGC 4562.

Object IDNGC 4565, Caldwell 38 Spindle Galaxy
Details2019-03-31
Telescope203mm RC8 f8
CameraAtik 460Ex @-20C
Badder RGB filters
IDAS P2 LP filter
Exposure(s)10x240s 2×2 RGB
Darks
CaptureAPT
ProcessingNebulosity, Photoshop

Bubble nebula project 2 (NGC 7635)

2018-10-09T13:00:28+00:0024 September 2018|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Autumn|

Added 18 frames of Ha. Much more detail and less noise.

Object IDNGC 7635 Bubble nebula (C11)
Mag. 10, Size 15’x8′
H II region emission nebula
Cassiopeia
Details2018-09-23 21:15-23:07 UT
Bright moonlight
Telescope200mm f5 Newtonian, MPCC
IDAS P2 LPR filter
Guided
CameraAtik 460EX, Baader 7nm Ha filter
Exposure(s)18 x 300s
darks, flats
CaptureAPT
ProcessingNebulosity 4, Photoshop

I did take some RGB colour but as you can see below there is a huge dust mark in it. Normally not a problem as flats will remove it. But when I went to create flats, the dust had disappeared so very difficult to remove. Unless it’s not dust but an out of focus reflection of the bright star? If it is I’ve never seen anything like it in my images before.

Bubble nebula project (NGC 7635)

2018-09-23T16:38:33+00:0023 September 2018|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Autumn|

One of my favourite objects. Trying to do this over a series of nights. Ha first of all then add colour channels. Only 2x300s exposures in Ha so far.

Object IDNGC 7635 Bubble nebula (C11)
Mag. 10, Size 15’x8′
H II region emission nebula
Cassiopeia
Details2018-09-22 21:40-21:45 UT
Bright moonlight
Telescope200mm f5 Newtonian, MPCC
IDAS P2 LPR filter
Guided
CameraAtik 460EX, Baader 7nm Ha filter
Exposure(s)2 x 300s
darks, flats
CaptureAPT
ProcessingNebulosity 4, Photoshop

Rosette Nebula C49 and NGC 2244

2018-02-14T15:45:16+00:0014 February 2018|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Winter|

Had to discard the L channel as underexposed.

Object IDC49 Rosette Nebula and NGC 2244
DetailsNebula and Open Cluster, Monoceros
Mag. 9 Size 1.3 degrees
TelescopeC80ED @ f5.6 (x0.75 reducer)
CameraAtik 460EX (-15C) and SX filter wheel
IDAS P2 LPR filter
Exposure(s)RGB 10x60s each 2×2
darks, no flats or bias
CaptureAPT, finder guiding with PHD2
ProcessingStacked in Nebulosity, processed in Photoshop and Lightroom

Double Cluster in Perseus NGC 869 and 884

2018-09-09T20:14:14+00:0010 December 2017|Caldwell, Deep Sky, News, NGC Winter, Open Cluster|

First image using the C80ED for a long time.

Object IDCaldwell 14, NGC 869 and 884
DetailsOpen Clusters, Perseus
Date/Time2017-12-10 19:41 – 20:01 UT
TelescopeC80ED @ f7.5
IDAS P2 LPR filter
CameraCanon 600D
Exposure(s)30x30s lights, 10x30s darks
ISO 1600
CaptureAPT, unguided
ProcessingStacked in Nebulosity, processed in Photoshop and Lightroom

 

IC 5146 Cocoon Nebula (C19) #2

2015-10-05T12:50:33+00:0011 September 2015|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

Reflection/emission nebula, Cygnus
Caldwell 19, Finest NGC 99b, SAC110 45
Mag. 10, Size 12’x12′
2015-09-10 / 2015-10-01
200mm f8 RC, piggyback guiding C80ED
L 10×300 2×2, RGB 8×240 3×3
BPM no flats
Atik 460EX (-10C), LRGB filters, IDAS P2 LPR filter
Captured in APT, Processed in Nebulosity3, PS CC, LightRoom

Second attempt at this with the 460EX. 2 nights of data. Meridian flip reduced time.
This is the first time I’ve tried final processing and touch up in Adobe LightRoom.

NGC 7635 Bubble Nebula (C11) with 460EX

2017-01-31T10:52:42+00:0012 October 2014|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Autumn|

First real LRGB image with the new 460EX. Still need to improve processing. I have some Ha from previous night to add in too but not sure how to do it.

Emission nebula, Cassiopeia
Mag. 10 Size 15’x8′
2014-10-12
200mm f5 newtonian, piggyback guiding C80ED
L: 5×180 (1×1) RGB 5×120 (2×2) each
Atik 460EX (-15C), LRGB filters, MPCC, Lumicon DS filter
Captured in APT, Processed in Nebulosity, PS CC

NGC 663 (C12)

2015-10-10T12:27:02+00:002 October 2014|Caldwell, News, NGC Autumn, Open Cluster|

Open Cluster, Cassiopeia
Mag 7.1 Size 916′
2014-10-01
200mm f8 RC, piggyback guiding C80ED
L 8×120 2×2, RGB 5×120 3×3
Atik 460EX (-10C), LRGB filters, Lumicon DS filter
Captured in APT, Processed in Nebulosity, PS CC

First chance to try out the new 460EX properly.

A “mucky” night with low transparency. Lots of star bloat but the camera has almost no noise at -10C. Processing still needs some work. Too many very red stars. Could be caused by the DS filter?

Cocoon from multiple dates and telescopes

2017-01-31T10:52:42+00:006 September 2014|Caldwell, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

First successful attempt at using different focal ratios. Not bad!
Using subs from 200mm f/5 newtonian and 2 different sessions with the RC8.

200mm f/5 newtonian 10x180s 4x240s, darks, flats,  ISO 800 2008-08-19
200mm f/8 RC 2×240, darks, flats ISO 1600 2012-09-16
200mm f/8 RC 10×180, 20×240, darks, ISO 1600 2014-08-26

And this is what the stack looked like:

overlap

NGC 7243 (C16)

2017-01-31T10:52:43+00:0010 October 2013|Caldwell, Deep Sky, News, NGC Autumn, Open Cluster|

Open Cluster, Lacerta
Mag 6.4 Size 21′
2013-010-10
200mm f5 Newtonian MPCC, piggyback guiding C80ED
15×60 10×180 10×90 ISO 1600, darks
Canon EOS 350D modded, Astronomik CLS
Captured in APT, Processed in Nebulosity, PS CS5

Not transparent enough tonight to image any galaxies (tried M33 but the image fogged after 2 minutes) or nebulae so a new open cluster for me.

IC 5146 Cocoon Nebula (C19)

2014-09-06T14:04:31+00:0014 August 2012|Caldwell, Nebula, NGC Summer|

Reflection/emission nebula, Cygnus
Caldwell 19, Finest NGC 99b, SAC110 45
Mag. 10, Size 12’x12′
2012-08-08
200mm f5 Newtonian MPCC Guided
Canon EOS 350D Modded, Astronomik CLS
10x180s 4x240s, darks, flats,  ISO 800
Captured in APT 1.93
Processed in Nebulosity and PS CS5
Need more subs as sky lost transparency.

NGC 2237 Rosette Nebula (NGC 2244 / C49)

2015-12-11T15:52:55+00:0023 January 2012|Caldwell, Finest NGC, Nebula, News, NGC Winter, Open Cluster|

C49 Emission Nebula, Monoceros
Mag 9.0 Size 1.3°
NGC 2244, C50 Open Cluster inside nebula
Mag 4.8 Size 24′
2012-01-23
200mm f5 Newtonian MPCC Guided
Canon EOS 350D modded, Astronomik CLS
10x120s, 4x180s darks, flats, ISO 800
Captured in APT, Processed in Nebulosity, PS CS5 and Adobe Lightroom
Lost some subs due to clouds. Need more subs.

NGC 7635 Bubble Nebula (C11)

2017-01-31T10:52:45+00:0029 September 2011|Caldwell, Finest NGC, Nebula, News, NGC Autumn|

Emission nebula, Cassiopeia
Mag. 10 Size 15’x8′
2012-09-12
200mm f8 RC
10x180s, 7x240s ISO 800, darks, flats
Canon EOS 350D modded, Astronomik CLS
Captured in APT, Processed in Nebulosity, PS CS5
Second light with RC8. Some camera misalignment so star trailing on the RHS.

NGC 7635 Closeup
NGC 7635

2011-09-28
200mm f5 Newtonian MPCC Guided
Canon EOS 350D modded, Astronomik CLS
10x240s 19x180s, darks, flats,  ISO 800
Captured in APT
Processed in Nebulosity and PS CS5

“NGC 7635, also called the Bubble Nebula, Sharpless 162, or Caldwell 11, is a H II region emission nebula in the constellation Cassiopeia. It lies close to the direction of the open cluster Messier 52. The “bubble” is created by the stellar wind from a massive hot, 8.7 magnitude young central star, the 15 ± 5 M? SAO 20575 (BD+60 2522). The nebula is near a giant molecular cloud which contains the expansion of the bubble nebula while itself being excited by the hot central star, causing it to glow. It was discovered in 1787 by Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel. The star SAO 20575 or BD+602522 is thought to have a mass of 10-40 Solar masses.”
Wikipedia

 

NGC 6960 Western Veil (C34) Reprocessed 2017-03-28

2017-03-31T15:55:30+00:0030 March 2017|Caldwell, Finest NGC, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

Supernova remnant, Cygnus (“Witch’s Broom”)
Caldwell 34, Finest NGC 99a, SAC110 44
Size 70’x6′
2011-09-20
200mm f5 Newtonian MPCC Guided
Canon EOS 350D MODDED, Astronomik CLS
5x240s 15x180s, darks, flats,  ISO 800
Captured in APT
Processed in Nebulosity and PS CS5

First light with the modded 350D. So much easier to capture and process the nebulosity.

Reprocessed in 2017-03-28 with Adobe Lightroom.

Original image:

NGC 6992/6995 Eastern Veil (C33) – reprocessed

2017-03-06T11:19:03+00:0021 February 2017|Caldwell, Finest NGC, Nebula, News, NGC Summer|

Supernova remnant, Cygnus
Caldwell 33, Finest NGC 99b, SAC110 45
Size 60’x8′
2011-08-24
200mm f5 Newtonian MPCC Guided
Canon EOS 350D, Astronomik CLS
5x240s 20x180s, darks, flats,  ISO 800
Captured in APT
Processed in Nebulosity and PS CS5
2017-02-21 Re-processed in Lightroom CC

NGC 6995 is the irregularly shaped nebulosity in the left of the image, and NGC 6992 is the curved arc in the right of the image.

An incredibly rare and clear night with the Milky Way easily visible.
Original image:

NGC 457 (C13)

2013-10-11T08:38:57+00:0031 October 2010|Caldwell, Finest NGC, News, NGC Autumn, Open Cluster|

Open Cluster, Cassiopeia
Mag 6.4, Size 13′
2010-10-30
200m f5 Newtonian, Canon 350D, SW LPR, MPCC
10x60s subs, darks, ISO 800
Captured in APT
Processed in Nebulosity and PS CS5
Some slight elongation of stars at left side is due to camera alignment and not coma (which has been resolved by the MPCC).